IHateTaxis.com LogoIHateTaxis.com
Arrive Stress-Free
An International Travelers' Ground Transportation Guide

Destination Search










More Things to do Anywhere, including Tours, Layover, and Overnight Ideas


Stuff to doAnywhere

Overseas Travel Meningococcus Considerations


Welcome to the IHateTaxis.com overseas travel medical support section. These pages are intended to provide overseas travel medical guidance for your trip preparation. Travel medical Information presented here was written by a experienced travelling registered nurse and advice given is not intended to replace that of a physician. If you need additional information, please consult your local health provider.
Introduction
First Aid
Kit
Drinking
Water
Pre-Existing
Conditions
Vaccinations & Preventions
Common
Complaints


What is Meninggococcus?



Meningococcal disease describes infections caused by Neisseria meningitidis (also termed meningococcus). It carries a high mortality rate if untreated. Whilst best known as a cause of meningitis, wide spread blood infection (sepsis) is more damaging and dangerous. Meningitis and Meningococcal septicemia are major causes of illness, death and disability in both developed and under developed countries worldwide.


The diseases host/pathogen interaction is not fully understood. The pathogen originates harmlessly in a large number of the general population, but thereafter can invade the blood stream and the brain, causing serious illness. Over the past few years, experts have made an intensive effort to understand specific aspects of meningococcal biology and host interactions, however the development of improved treatments and effective vaccines will depend on novel efforts by workers in many different fields.


The incidence of endemic meningococcal disease during the last 13 years ranges from 1 to 5 per 100,000 in developed world, and from 10-25 per 100,000 in developing countries. During epidemics the incidence of meningococcal disease approaches 1000 per 1,000,000. There are approximately 2,600 cases of bacterial meningitis per year in the United States, and on average 333,000 cases in developing countries. The case fatality rate ranges between 10 and 20%.


While Meningococcal disease is not as contagious as the common cold (which is spread through casual contact), it can be transmitted through saliva and occasionally through close, prolonged general contact with an infected person.


Source: Wikipedia.


General Distribution Map



The map below is from the World Health Organization and gives a general distribution of the problem. Do not make your own assessment from this map, but rather discuss the issue with your doctor prior to travel.



Written by Kim Zieman






Cars.IHateTaxis.com | Hotels.IHateTaxis.com | Tours.IHateTaxis.com | Transfers.IHateTaxis.com | IHT Blog
Home | About | Advertising | Jobs | Privacy Policy | Disclaimer | Contact Us | IHT on FaceBook | IHT on Twitter | IHT on Pinterest


Information is © 2014 Aepyornis Interactive, Victoria, BC, Canada