Macau at a Glance
|Location:||Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China|
|Climate:||subtropical; marine with cool winters, warm summers|
|Population:||559,846 (July 2009 est.)|
A Brief Profile of Macau
Colonized by the Portuguese in the 16th century, Macau was the first European settlement in the Far East. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and Portugal on 13 April 1987, Macau became the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China on 20 December 1999. In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system would not be practiced in Macau, and that Macau would enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the next 50 years.