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Mozambique Country Profile

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Mozambique at a Glance

Location:Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania
Climate:tropical to subtropical
Terrain:mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west
Resources:coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite
Hazards:severe droughts; devastating cyclones and floods in central and southern provinces
Population:21,669,278




A Brief Profile of Mozambique

Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid 1990's. The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy. A UN-negotiated peace agreement between FRELIMO and rebel Mozambique National Resistance (RENAMO) forces ended the fighting in 1992. In December 2004, Mozambique underwent a delicate transition as Joaquim CHISSANO stepped down after 18 years in office. His elected successor, Armando Emilio GUEBUZA, promised to continue the sound economic policies that have encouraged foreign investment. Mozambique has seen very strong economic growth since the end of the civil war largely due to post-conflict reconstruction.






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