Tanzania at a Glance
|Location:||Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique|
|Climate:||varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands|
|Terrain:||plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south|
|Resources:||hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel|
|Hazards:||flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought|
A Brief Profile of Tanzania
Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.