Uganda Country Profile
Uganda at a Glance
|Location:||Eastern Africa, west of Kenya|
|Climate:||tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast|
|Terrain:||mostly plateau with rim of mountains|
|Resources:||copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land|
A Brief Profile of Uganda
The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems and cultures. These differences prevented the establishment of a working political community after independence was achieved in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives. The rule of Yoweri MUSEVENI since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda. During the 1990s, the government promulgated non-party presidential and legislative elections. In January 2009, Uganda assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2009-10 term.